Persons with Disability (Equal Opportunity, Protection of Rights and Full Participation) Act 1995
The Persons with Disability Act was the first legislation in India to protect and integrate citizens with disability into the the family, school, workplace and society. The legislation gave persons with disability certain rights to exercise and duties to the governemnt and society to perform in 
their favour.

The PWD Act defines disability as 
Low Vision
Leprosy Cured
Hearing impairment
Locomotor Disability
Mental Retardation
Mental Illness

Children diagnosed with any other physiological or mental condition like Autism and Learning Disability cannot be labeled as disabled or avail of the privileges and concessions for children with disability.

The following are provisions in the PWD that pertain to children below 18 years of age-
  • The state must provide free education for children with disability and make sure that quality education is available to such children till 18 years of age.
  • The state must encourage integration of children with disability into mainstream schools and provide all-round support to schools in order to practise inclusive education.
  • In case a child with disability is unable to attend regular schools, the state must make provision for non-formal education for children with disability.
  • It is the responsibility of the government to provide transport facilities, infrastructure and education material for the education of children with disability.
  • The government must ensure that there are no roadblocks that prevent a child with disability from enjoying her/his Right to Education
  • No person can establish or maintain an institution for persons with disabilities except in accordance with a certificate of registration. Therefore schools for children with disability without a registration are illegal and subject to immediate closure.
To read the Act in detail, click here.

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